Thymosin Alpha1, 10mg

$99.99

Available on backorder

Description
Reviews (0)

Thymosin A1 info

Thymosin Alpha-1 is a peptide, or small protein, produced naturally by the thymus gland. The thymus is where immune cells known as T cells mature and are released when prompted to do so by the T α 1 peptide. Specifically, T α 1 has been shown to enhance the function of certain immune cells, these white blood cells play pivotal roles in the body’s defense process to anyone with a depleted immune system or suffering from an infection.

Thymosin Alpha-1 is a protein that consists of 28 amino acids. Thymosin Alpha-1 is a significant component of Thymosin Fraction 5 which is responsible for the activity in repairing immune function. Thymosin Alpha-1 plays a vital role in the control of immunity, tolerance, and inflammation. It manages immune response via an initial action on the cells of the innate immune system and thus acts as an endogenous regulator of both inflammatory and adaptive immune responses.

 

Thymosin Alpha-1 Benefits

  • Enhances the function of certain immune cells
  • Effective for acute and chronic infections
  • Help eradicate the unhealthy cells and stop the infection
  • Exhibits antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties
  • Increases vaccine effectiveness
  • Protects against oxidative damage
  • Reduces scar tissue
  • May improve hair regrowth
  • Significant repair and regenerative properties
  • Improve muscular stamina

WHAT IS THYMOSIN ALPHA-1?

Thymosin Alpha 1 Reduces the Mortality of Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 by Restoration of Lymphocytopenia and Reversion of Exhausted T Cells
Yueping Liu, Yue Pan, Zhenhong Hu, Ming Wu, Chenhui Wang, Zeqing Feng, Congzheng Mao, Yingjun Tan, Ying Liu, Li Chen … Show moreAuthor Notes
Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 71, Issue 16, 15 October 2020, Pages 2150–2157,  https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa630
Published: 22 May 2020 Article history
pdfPDF Split ViewCite
Permissions Icon Permissions
Share
Abstract
Background
Thymosin alpha 1 (Tα1) had been used in the treatment of viral infections as an immune response modifier for many years. However, clinical benefits and the mechanism of Tα1 treatment for COVID-19 patients are still unclear.

Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of 76 severe COVID-19 cases admitted to 2 hospitals in Wuhan, China, from December 2019 to March 2020. The thymus output in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from COVID-19 patients was measured by T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs). The levels of T-cell exhaustion markers programmed death-1 (PD-1) and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain protein 3 (Tim-3) on CD8+ T cells were detected by flow cytometry.

Results
Compared with the untreated group, Tα1 treatment significantly reduced the mortality of severe COVID-19 patients (11.11% vs 30.00%, P = .044). Tα1 enhanced blood T-cell numbers in COVID-19 patients with severe lymphocytopenia. Under such conditions, Tα1 also successfully restored CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell numbers in elderly patients. Meanwhile, Tα1 reduced PD-1 and Tim-3 expression on CD8+ T cells from severe COVID-19 patients compared with untreated cases. It is of note that restoration of lymphocytopenia and acute exhaustion of T cells were roughly parallel to the rise of TRECs.

Conclusions
Tα1 treatment significantly reduced mortality of severe COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 patients with counts of CD8+ T cells or CD4+ T cells in circulation less than 400/μL or 650/μL, respectively, gained more benefits from Tα1. Tα1 reversed T-cell exhaustion and recovered immune reconstitution through promoting thymus output during severe acute respiratory syndrome–coronavirus 2 infection.
https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/71/16/2150/5842185
What Are The Benefits of Thymosin Alpha 1?
Immune enhancing peptide

Helps prevent infections such as the common cold or the flu and diseases

Reduces inflammation in the body
Suppresses tumor growth
Aids in the removal of acute or chronic infections
Has antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties.
Supports the eradication of unhealthy cells (including cancer growth).
Protects your cells against oxidative stress and damage.
Inhibits viral replication
Improve symptoms associated with chronic fatigue
Study Description
Go to sections
Brief Summary:
Thymalfasin (thymosin alpha 1 or Ta1), the active pharmaceutical ingredient in ZADAXIN® injection, is a 28-amino acid synthetic peptide, identical to natural Ta1 produced by the thymus gland. Ta1 is a biological response modifier which activates various cells of the immune system, and is therefore expected to have clinical benefits in disorders where immune responses are impaired or ineffective, including acute and chronic viral and bacterial infections, cancers, and vaccine non-responsiveness. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis, in addition to their intrinsic kidney disease and frequent burden of comorbidities, also have increased risk of exposure to communicable diseases as they are treated several times each week at hemodialysis centers with several other patients and clinic staff in attendance. The majority of patients are over 60 years of age and many are receiving immunosuppressive medications. Accordingly, ESRD patients are particularly susceptible to COVID-19 infection. Ta1 has been shown to be safely administered to hemodialysis patients. It is our hypothesis that a course of Ta1 administered to individuals with ESRD will reduce the rate and severity of infection with COVID-19.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COVID-19
Drug: Thymalfasin
Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis, in addition to their intrinsic kidney disease and frequent burden of comorbidities, also have increased risk of exposure to communicable diseases as they are treated several times each week at hemodialysis centers with several other patients and clinic staff in attendance. The majority of patients are over 60 years of age and many are receiving immunosuppressive medications. Accordingly, ESRD patients are particularly susceptible to COVID-19 infection.

Thymalfasin (thymosin alpha 1, Ta1) is a naturally occurring peptide that has been evaluated for its immunomodulatory activities and related therapeutic potential in several conditions and diseases, including infectious disease and cancer. ZADAXIN, a synthetic form of Ta1, been has been used clinically in pilot studies for treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and other lung infections including acute respiratory distress syndromeARDS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), as well as infections after bone marrow transplant]. Larger clinical trials have shown significant efficacy for treatment of severe sepsis and hepatitis B, along with certain cancers such as melanoma, hepatocellular, and lung cancer. Ta1 has also demonstrated improvement in response to vaccines in the elderly and in patients immunocompromised by renal disease. The beneficial clinical effects of Ta1 result from activation of toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 in dendritic and other immune system cells, resulting in augmentation of T helper (Th1) function, natural killer (NK) cell activity, and increased antibody responses to T-cell dependent antigens. Importantly, Ta1 also leads to an increase in IL-10 producing regulatory T cells, which create feedback inhibition of cytokine production, hence dampening immune response and preventing a pro-inflammatory cytokine storm.

It is our hypothesis that a course of Ta1 administered to individuals at high risk for COVID-19 infection (hemodialysis patients 60 years and older) will reduce the rate of COVID-19 infection and severity of infection with COVID-19, compared to untreated individuals in the same hemodialysis units with comparable risk. The study will also evaluate the need for hospitalization in those patients who do not become infected with COVID-19.

Study Design
Go to sections
Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 240 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Subjects will be centrally randomized to receive either study treatment drug (Ta1) or no Ta1. Randomization will be stratified by site.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Pilot Trial of Thymalfasin (Ta1) to Prevent COVID-19 Infection in Elderly Renal Dialysis Patients
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2021
Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine
MedlinePlus related topics: Dialysis
U.S. FDA Resources
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04428008

 

Thymosin A1 info

Thymosin Alpha-1 is a peptide, or small protein, produced naturally by the thymus gland. The thymus is where immune cells known as T cells mature and are released when prompted to do so by the T α 1 peptide. Specifically, T α 1 has been shown to enhance the function of certain immune cells, these white blood cells play pivotal roles in the body’s defense process to anyone with a depleted immune system or suffering from an infection.

Thymosin Alpha-1 is a protein that consists of 28 amino acids. Thymosin Alpha-1 is a significant component of Thymosin Fraction 5 which is responsible for the activity in repairing immune function. Thymosin Alpha-1 plays a vital role in the control of immunity, tolerance, and inflammation. It manages immune response via an initial action on the cells of the innate immune system and thus acts as an endogenous regulator of both inflammatory and adaptive immune responses.

 

Thymosin Alpha-1 Benefits

  • Enhances the function of certain immune cells
  • Effective for acute and chronic infections
  • Help eradicate the unhealthy cells and stop the infection
  • Exhibits antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties
  • Increases vaccine effectiveness
  • Protects against oxidative damage
  • Reduces scar tissue
  • May improve hair regrowth
  • Significant repair and regenerative properties
  • Improve muscular stamina

 

Serum thymosin α 1 levels in patients with chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5011367/

 

Thymosin Alpha 1 Reduces the Mortality of Severe Corona virus 2019 by Restoration of Lymphocytopenia and Reversion of Exhausted T Cells

 

https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa630/5842185

 

kidneys and COVID prevention

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04428008

A Reappraisal of Thymosin Alpha1 in Cancer Therapy

Claudio Costantini1*Marina M. Bellet1Marilena Pariano1Giorgia Renga1Claudia Stincardini1Allan L. Goldstein2Enrico Garaci3 and Luigina Romani1*

  • 1Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
  • 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States
  • 3University San Raffaele and IRCCS San Raffaele, Rome, Italy

Thymosin alpha1 (Tα1), an endogenous peptide first isolated from the thymic tissue in the mid-sixties, has gained considerable attention for its immunostimulatory activity that led to its application to diverse pathological conditions, including cancer. Studies in animal models and human patients have shown promising results in different types of malignancies, especially when Tα1 was used in combination with other chemo- and immune therapies. For this reason, the advancements in our knowledge on the adjuvant role of Tα1 have moved in parallel with the development of novel cancer therapies in a way that Tα1 was integrated to changing paradigms and protocols, and tested for increased efficacy and safety.

 

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fonc.2019.00873/full

 

The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, adverse effects, and dosage and administration of thymosin alpha-1 (TA1) are reviewed.

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/406967

 

Serum thymosin α 1 levels in patients with chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5011367/

 

Thymosin Alpha 1 Reduces the Mortality of Severe Corona virus 2019 by Restoration of Lymphocytopenia and Reversion of Exhausted T Cells

 

https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa630/5842185

 

kidneys and COVID prevention

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04428008

A Reappraisal of Thymosin Alpha1 in Cancer Therapy

Claudio Costantini1*Marina M. Bellet1Marilena Pariano1Giorgia Renga1Claudia Stincardini1Allan L. Goldstein2Enrico Garaci3 and Luigina Romani1*

  • 1Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
  • 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States
  • 3University San Raffaele and IRCCS San Raffaele, Rome, Italy

Thymosin alpha1 (Tα1), an endogenous peptide first isolated from the thymic tissue in the mid-sixties, has gained considerable attention for its immunostimulatory activity that led to its application to diverse pathological conditions, including cancer. Studies in animal models and human patients have shown promising results in different types of malignancies, especially when Tα1 was used in combination with other chemo- and immune therapies. For this reason, the advancements in our knowledge on the adjuvant role of Tα1 have moved in parallel with the development of novel cancer therapies in a way that Tα1 was integrated to changing paradigms and protocols, and tested for increased efficacy and safety.

 

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fonc.2019.00873/full

 

The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, adverse effects, and dosage and administration of thymosin alpha-1 (TA1) are reviewed.

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/406967

 

 

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Thymosin Alpha1, 10mg”

You may also like…